Violations of Human Rights and U.N. Mandate in Kashmir
The KASHMIRI WAR: Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
Humanitarian Law Project (HLP)
International Educational Development (IED)
Association Of Humanitarian Lawyers
The United Nations Commission on Human Rights
1996 Session, March, Geneva
"This is not a war between India and Pakistan. It is a war taking place in Kashmir between Kashmiri people and their occupiers. It is not a religious war -- it is a war to fight the oppression of the occupying invader and to gain freedom. It is a fight to gain the rights promised to the Kashmiri people by the United Nations many long years ago and as yet unfulfilled."
War and Humanitarian Law - Part I Click on this link to read this section of
the report in its entirety. The information I have compiled below summarizes
"India seized much of Kashmir in 1947 during the break-up of British colonial rule in the region. In 1949, the United Nations Security Council and its Commission for India and Pakistan decided that Kashmiris themselves should determine their future rule, and authorized a UN-administered plebiscite of Kashmiris to determine their status. This plebiscite has not yet been held."
"Kashmiris have resisted Indian rule all along, and there have been many periods of upheaval since 1947. The current crisis dates from 1988 and over its nearly 8 years has steadily escalated. At the present time, India has an occupation army of at least 600,000 military and paramilitary troops in Indian- occupied Kashmir."
Report - Part II Click on this link to read this section of the report in
its entirety. The information I have compiled below summarizes Part II.
B) THE KASHMIRI WAR AND HUMANITARIAN LAW
C) THE WAR -- EVERYDAY REALITY
D) SOME RECENT EVENTS
"According to extremely credible sources in India, there are Indian-created counterinsurgency groups that are formed and sent into the field to engage in terrorist acts to discredit the Kashmiri people and their leaders and groups."
"The All-Parties Hurriyet Conference (APHC) and other Kashmiri groups have condemned the kidnaping [of Western tourists] and killing [of one of them] and reiterate that they have no knowledge of the Al-Faran group [which claimed responsibility], making more likely that the group has been created by India as part of its counterinsurgency operations. APHC leader Shabir Shah of the People's League called the killing 'un-Islamic' ..."
Report - Part III Click on this link to read this section of the report in
its entirety. The information I have compiled below summarizes Part III.
B) VIOLATIONS OF RIGHTS OF DETAINEES IN KASHMIR
C) THE ECONOMIC DESTRUCTION OF KASHMIR
D) FINAL ASSESSMENT
E) WHAT SHOULD THE UNITED NATIONS DO
Appendix: U.N. ACTIONS ON KASHMIR